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JEC 2018: Maps and Results


[Update 10/10: Comment from course-setter about Long DSQ] Simona Aebersold dominated the Junior European Cup (JEC) on homeground in Switzerland with very clear victories both in Middle and Long – and also deciding the Sprint Relay for Switzerland. The Aebersold-family did not stop there, however: Younger brother Fabian also took a JEC Gold with a clear victory in M18 on the Long distance. Other victories went to Norway (2 Gold), Finland (2 Gold) and France (1 Gold). Switzerland took the victory in the team competition.

Update 10/10/1018: See comment from course-setter Long about the DSQs in the comments including  (very unofficial) results Long with all runners who ran through the forbidden area removed.

This was the first time a Sprint Relay was included in JEC – just as the IOF has just decided will also be the case in the Junior World Championships (JWOC) in the future. Also the mass start format for the Long distance on Sunday at JEC was new, but in JWOC there will still be individual start on the Long distance.

Sprint Relay

In the Sprint Relay Switzerland was down in 5th spot at +0:21 after three legs, but a fantastic run by Simona Aebersold on the last leg secured Gold for the Swiss first team. Another Sprint nation, Sweden, finished second – 40 seconds behind while Norway finished 3rd. France was in the lead after 3 legs, but lost a lot of time on the last leg.

JEC 2018 Sprint Relay Leg 1

» See map in omaps.worldofo.com
JEC 2018 Sprint Relay Leg 2

» See map in omaps.worldofo.com
JEC 2018 Sprint Relay Leg 3

» See map in omaps.worldofo.com
JEC 2018 Sprint Relay Leg 4

» See map in omaps.worldofo.com

Full results


The Middle terrain was tricky and very hilly, in a terrain where the runners often chose to run quite far around. The start was high up in the terrain, so this was mostly downhill orienteering. Swiss Simona Aebersold was again the woman of the day with a 2 minute win on a very short (20 minute winning time) Middle in the W20 category. With medals to Denmark and Austria and 8 different nations represented in the Top 10 in W20, this was truly an international competition. In the M20 category Norwegian Eirik Langedal Breivik took the victory ahead of two Swedish runners. M18 and W18 was won by Arttu Lindqvist (FIN) and Cecile Calandry (FRA).


1. Eirik Langedal Breivik 98  NOR                Norway                24:24
  2. Simon Imark            98  SWE                Sweden                24:40
  3. Isac von Krusenstierna 98  SWE                Sweden                26:27
  4. Tino Polsini           99  SUI                Switzerland           26:46
  5. Lukas Liland           99  NOR                Norway                26:51
  6. Jørgen Baklid          99  NOR                Norway                27:11
  7. Chamuel Zbinden        99  SUI                Switzerland           27:31
  8. Jesper Svensk          98  SWE                Sweden                27:33
  9. Aaro Aho               99  FIN                Finland               27:35
 10. Raphael Masliah        98  FRA                France                27:53
 11. Colin Kolbe            98  GER                Germany               28:08
 12. Jonas Fencl            99  CZE                Czech Republic        28:18
 13. Andrin Gründler        98  SUI                Switzerland           28:43
 14. Håvard Sandstad Eidsmo 98  NOR                Norway                28:47
 15. Timo Suter             98  SUI                Switzerland           28:48


 1. Simona Aebersold       98  SUI                Switzerland           19:55
  2. Ida Øbro               99  DEN                Denmark               21:57
  3. Jasmina Gassner        99  AUT                Austria               23:40
  4. Hanna Hugosson         98  SWE                Sweden                23:43
  5. Zsófia Sçrközy         99  HUN                Hungary               24:01
  6. Vilma Blennow          98  SWE                Sweden                24:30
  7. Tilla Farnes Hennum    98  NOR                Norway                24:47
  8. Fiona Bunn             99  GBR                Great Britain         25:09
  9. Tuuli Heikkilä         99  FIN                Finland               25:35
 10. Synne Strand           99  NOR                Norway                26:01
 11. Elena Pezzati          99  SUI                Switzerland           26:03
 11. Eliska Sieglova        99  CZE                Czech Republic        26:03
 13. Lea Widmer             00  SUI                Switzerland           26:17
 14. Hanga Szuromi          00  HUN                Hungary               26:20
 15. Emma Wilson            99  GBR                Great Britain         26:22


 1. Arttu Lindqvist        00  FIN                Finland               23:16
  2. Guilhem Elias          00  FRA                France                23:41
  3. Manuele Ren            01  SUI                Switzerland           24:04
  4. Jonas Soldini          00  SUI                Switzerland           24:26
  5. Quentin Andrieux       01  FRA                France                25:03
  6. Sander Arntzen         00  NOR                Norway                25:34
  7. Aslak Heimdal          00  NOR                Norway                25:35
  8. Niels Christian Heller 00  NOR                Norway                25:44
  9. Emil Auselius          00  SWE                Sweden                26:05
 10. Antoine Becaert        01  FRA                France                26:06
 11. Martin Roudny          00  CZE                Czech Republic        26:08
 12. Riccardo Casanova      00  GER                Germany               26:11
 13. Gustav Runefors        00  SWE                Sweden                26:19
 14. Mattia Scopel          00  ITA                Italy                 26:21
 15. Quentin Moulet         00  FRA                France                26:28


 1. Cécile Calandry        01  FRA                France                23:38
  2. Eliane Deininger       00  SUI                Switzerland           24:05
  3. Marlin Haavengen       00  NOR                Norway                24:26
  4. Maria Määttänen        01  FIN                Finland               24:29
  5. Siri Suter             00  SUI                Switzerland           24:38
  6. Jenny Baklid           01  NOR                Norway                25:30
  7. Johanna Källvik-Leufvé 00  SWE                Sweden                26:06
  8. Milja Väätäjä          01  FIN                Finland               26:19
  9. Nikola Thynova         00  CZE                Czech Republic        27:11
 10. Lotte Jauhojärvi Marku 00  DEN                Denmark               27:17
 11. Frida Vikström             SWE                Sweden                27:31
 12. Hedvig Valbjørn Gydese 01  DEN                Denmark               27:32
 12. Malin Agervig Kristian 01  DEN                Denmark               27:32
 14. Teele Telgma           00  EST                Estonia               28:00
 15. Perrine Toussaint      01  FRA                France                28:01

All results


The long distance was a mass start with the forked part in very detailed, open terrain – and some interesting routechoice legs in the last part of the course. This race will mostly be remembered for the fact that half of the start field ran through a forbidden area towards the end of the course, and the jury following jury decision: Instead of disqualifying significant parts of the startfield, the jury decided to use the result at the second last control as the final result. This was a quite controversial choice, especially as this was a mass start race where runners typically could have good reason to not be in the lead out of tactical reasons.

For Simona and Fabian Aebersold their victories where not influenced by the forbidden area. They both took the legal route, and where both far ahead of their competitors (Simona more than 5 minutes). In the other two classes the jury decision led to bigger changes, with Norwegian Erling Hjermstad and Finnish Maria Määttänen taking the victories.


  1. Erling Hjermstad       99  NOR                Norway                54:59
  2. Simon Imark            98  SWE                Sweden                55:52
  3. Eirik Langedal Breivik 98  NOR                Norway                55:55
  4. Håvard Sandstad Eidsmo 98  NOR                Norway                55:56
  5. Aaro Aho               99  FIN                Finland               57:51
  6. Chamuel Zbinden        99  SUI                Switzerland           57:53
  7. Andrin Gründler        98  SUI                Switzerland           57:57
  8. Isac von Krusenstierna 98  SWE                Sweden                59:05
  9. Reto Egger             99  SUI                Switzerland           59:43
 10. Henrik Johannesson     98  SWE                Sweden              1:00:17
 11. Alexandre Vergnaud     99  FRA                France              1:00:23
 12. Andreas Uller          98  SWE                Sweden              1:00:25
 13. Erik Döhler            98  GER                Germany             1:00:45
 14. Silvan Ullmann         98  SUI                Switzerland         1:00:47
 15. Ole Hennseler          98  GER                Germany             1:00:50


 1. Simona Aebersold       98  SUI                Switzerland           36:31
  2. Synne Strand           99  NOR                Norway                40:39
  3. Siiri Silvennoinen     00  FIN                Finland               41:22
  4. Marcia Mürner          98  SUI                Switzerland           41:35
  5. Elisa Bertozzi         00  SUI                Switzerland           41:57
  6. Vilma von Krusenstiern 99  SWE                Sweden                42:18
  7. Olivia Nilsson         98  SWE                Sweden                42:21
  8. Vilma Blennow          98  SWE                Sweden                42:23
  9. Tereza Smelikova       99  SVK                Slovakia              43:21
 10. Elena Pezzati          99  SUI                Switzerland           43:22
 11. Melina Lahdenperä      01  FIN                Finland               43:26
 12. Siri Nyfeler           99  SUI                Switzerland           43:29
 13. Eliane Deininger       00  SUI                Switzerland           43:37
 14. Marketa Firesova       99  CZE                Czech Republic        44:08
 15. Hanna Hugosson         98  SWE                Sweden                44:09


 1. Fabian Aebersold       00  SUI                Switzerland           41:37
  2. Viktor Svensk          01  SWE                Sweden                43:45
  3. Isak Jonsson           01  NOR                Norway                44:19
  4. Quentin Moulet         00  FRA                France                44:21
  5. Mattia Gründler        00  SUI                Switzerland           44:23
  6. Niels Christian Heller 00  NOR                Norway                44:33
  7. Sander Arntzen         00  NOR                Norway                44:52
  8. Guilhem Elias          00  FRA                France                44:55
  9. Erik Hannrup           00  SWE                Sweden                44:56
 10. Simon Harden           00  SWE                Sweden                45:11
 11. Julien Vuitton         01  FRA                France                46:44
 12. Quentin Andrieux       01  FRA                France                46:45
 13. David Zürcher          00  SUI                Switzerland           46:48
 14. Gustav Runefors        00  SWE                Sweden                46:53
 15. Martin Roudny          00  CZE                Czech Republic        47:00


 1. Maria Määttänen        01  FIN                Finland               31:29
  2. Ella Olsson            00  SWE                Sweden                31:30
  3. Elisaveta Botova       01  RUS                Russia                31:31
  4. Frida Vikström             SWE                Sweden                31:33
  5. Cécile Calandry        01  FRA                France                31:36
  6. Anja Probst            00  SUI                Switzerland           31:38
  7. Malin Agervig Kristian 01  DEN                Denmark               31:40
  8. Siri Suter             00  SUI                Switzerland           31:48
  9. Tara Schwarze-Chintapa 00  GBR                Great Britain         33:15
 10. Niamh Hunter           00  GBR                Great Britain         33:18
 11. Annika Gautschi Simons 00  DEN                Denmark               33:22
 12. Pernille Katla         00  NOR                Norway                33:23
 13. Milja Väätäjä          01  FIN                Finland               33:30
 14. Ems de Smul            00  BEL                Belgium               33:32
 15. Amanda Kleijn          00  SWE                Sweden                33:34

All results

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Jan Kocbach is the founder of WorldofO.com - taking care of everything from site development to writing articles, photography and analysis.

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  1. One big drawback of this type of the race (mass start one man relay) was that there were lots of runners supporting each other and discussing throught the race. That both distracted the others and annoyed those who don’t have so many runners in the top. I heard opinions that it is „unoficcially allowed”, however in my opinion it is just a discrimination of runners from weaker nations and also a thing against the fair play (one nation may draw the leg order so that there are 4 runners running together).

  2. Knut Wiig Mathisen

    Disagree that the jury decision was controversial, for me it was simply wrong. The course print and the rules are very clear. All runners taking the road through the forbidden area should have been disqualified. Full stop. Not the organizers’ fault that several junior national team runners don’t know the rules or symbols we use in orienteering.
    In M20 Norwegian runner E. L. Breivik was robbed from a second JEC gold, all jury members ought to send him a personal apology.

  3. Bjørn-Willy Arntzen

    Completely agree with Knut. Also in other classes good runners, knowing the mapping rules, where robbet their medals. A sad day for orienteering sportmanship

  4. It is unbelievable that the break of the clear rules was not sanctioned.

  5. It is incredible that the forbidden road was without control crews of the distance and video recording.
    At the same time, it is impossible to disqualify only parts of stupid runners with GPS units and pass violators without GPS.

    • Knut Wiig Mathisen

      I of course agree with you that the organizers should have both had control crew and blocked the entry to the road physically with plastic ties. They did a mistake. Still, the fact that you may not be able to disqualify all runners who runs illegally must not stop you from disqualifying those you know did something wrong. Through talking to the runners, most of them were running in groups, and leaders, some must have seen runners coming down the road to the arena area and analyzing the leg times it is possible to identify almost all violators. If after that exercise a single person would be able to lie himself (or herself) to an undeserved 12th position or something so be it, the results would have been much more fair than those now being official.
      This should have been done!

  6. Agree with Knut :-)

  7. I suppose it looks embarrassing for the organisers if half the runners are disqualified. But the map was clear.

  8. Here is the story and my opinion: http://guedels.ch/karten/show_map.php?user=T%C3%A9rence&map=2087
    The JEC long distance course setter

    • The problem is that finnish twitter discussion displays wrong pictures with black colored road! In original, pleas, see all in the end of article: http://guedels.ch/karten/show_map.php?user=T%C3%A9rence&map=2087 it is more than clear that there is an overprint and no legal crossing way for forbidden area!

      All who grab medals they do not deserve has to give them back as soon as possible and all results must be cleared according to IOF rules. If there is a need of special IOF officials decision- this is the case when You can prove that Your existance is not just vasting of time but real input into the World orienteering society!

  9. From the course setter:
    ”I was thinking about putting tapes in the terrain but it was problematic with the national race using the same area.”
    Well there’s the origin of the problem in a nutshell. A championship competition should be exclusive and not messed up with, or have to relate to, other things going on at the same time.
    With taped area and surveilled road through it none of the following devestating jury decisions would even have to be considered.

    • I don’t think that was the main problem. It rather has something to do with following tactics during a mass-start race ie. the runners alone in the lead did not cross the OOB-area and read the map more carefully. Of course if you are the last runner in the group and everyone else crosses the OOB-area it’s harder to change the route.

      I strongly disagree with the coaches overall position on not disqualifying runners because “it’s the end of the season- should not start with a bad feeling” and “it’s only JEC”. What kind of message does this send to the runners? It’s ok to cheat, as long as enough runners do it too? In my opinion the only viable option is to to disqualify all 70something runners. That would have been a way better learning opportunity. Afterall it’s “only” JEC.

      • Well, there’s many problems with what happened. But I point out the origin one.
        If the forbidden area had been taped and the road surveilled none of the following problems would occurred as I see it.
        And the course setter claims he thought about that ”but it was problematic with the national race using the same area.”
        And that’s my whole point – don’t have something else going on simultaneously that force you to make compromises on how to create the best conditions for the actual championship races.

  10. Terence explained perfectly the situation. He is totally right, we shouldn’t protect athletes by taking this kind of final decision. You are disqualified and its the athletes fault and not the organisation. Just know the rules of your sport!!! that’s it

  11. Interesting twitter conversation among Finnish experts on the race.


    Conclusion: Organizers mistake.

    My conclusion: All races should have been voided due to the organizers mistake.

    • Thanks for the link. From what Google Translate tells me (which could be wrong, of course), it seems that some conclude that this is the organizer’s mistake, but it is not a general conclusion from the discussion? From my point of view it is clear from the map that this road is forbidden, but of course marking in the terrain would have been beneficial.

    • In english would be better!

      • The main points in English

        The marking of the forbidden area is not clear, it does not take into account printing effects. In these types of situations the fact that the road is also a forbidden route should have been highlighted.

        Jan: Some were of the opinion that it was a mistake of the organizers, and no one disagreed with them. But the main focus was the caveat of having routes (roads) going through forbidden areas and how to make them as clear as possible on whether the route is allowed or not.

        • Thanks, MJ, that’s how I understood the discussion as well; i.e. not a focus on that this was the organizer’s fault, but rather on the general issue on roads going through forbidden area. So maybe more of a rule-problem than that this is the organizers’ fault. The easiest way to avoid this kind of problems is to include it in the PM and/or to inform at the teamleaders meeting how the runners should interpret this type of symbol-use. Then it is very clear and nobody can complain. It should not be strictly necessary, but it avoids problems…

    • I’m sorry, but I don’t read finnish, so hard to find the backing of that conclusion. Up until I read the course setter story, I was of the same opinion. That was under the assumption that they did not know exactly who ran the road/path, and who did not. But that was not the case! They had the list, and on that basis, I do believe the final result should be based on the full course, albeit with a lot of DSQ’s. It is not an organiser mistake that runners don’t know the rules. OK, it was not taped off, but they shouldn’t have been there…

  12. Hi all,
    first, for clarify, no jury decisions were taken, simply beacause there has not been complaints.
    The coaches have been called, and the situation explained by the race director.
    For some it was clear that the route was not allowed, for someone else it was not.
    I asked if that route was surveilled, and it was not. So, it was impossible to disqualify all runners, but only base the disq. on gps, for those 15 of 60 who run with gps.
    In the end all the coaches agreed to neutralize the race at the second last control, instead of having a void competition.

    I think that, as Jan said, they could just let us see the image of forbidden area at TOM, but controls on the terrain are necessary anyway, otherwise everything is left to the fairplay of runners.

    • That’s interesting! No jury decission? The live broadcast referred to a jury meeting, and later on that the team officials where asked to meet with the jury. But still it was an organiser decission? Even though they (the course setter with help from other organizers, i.e. the organizer) had a complete list of who passed on the illegal route?

      • Without complaints, the jury was not called for a meeting, and no teams made an official protest.
        I asked to event director and he said me that there was no officials there taking the list of runners using that route. It’s not possible to use split times or gps as a prove….

        • You are wrong. We had the list.

          • I’m not wrong.
            I was at the meeting and that was a major problem.
            You’ve to try to have the same version into the organising staff…

          • To be fair to Christian, I think the right statement is that “The event director was wrong, or misinformed. We had the list”…

  13. There is an objective list of all to be disqualified runners.
    see https://drive.google.com/open?id=1sojTQxlXt4spc4I04Ct5vmbnxIE30-FW

    • Knut Wiig Mathisen

      This list confirms the course setter story. Some key points. W20 No change in the medals, but highest percentage running illegally so that e.g. T. F. Hennum moves up from 24 to 6th place.
      M20 Almost complete reverse of the top positions, three of the top four should have been DSQ.
      W18 Even the worst effect of the wrong decision, here all top five runners ran legally, but came in almost completely opposite order to the finish. M18 No change regarding the winner F. Aebersold, but after that…
      The worst effects overall: Two runners (Breivik, Vikstrøm) lost gold, four runners (Grundler, Zwinden, Calandry, Arntzen) lost a well-deserved medal

      • Well, it’s made by the couse setter…

        I don’t really care if the result list is fair or not – nor indeed if there is a result list at all. What concerns me is that over 70 runners crossed an area marked out of bounds and what can done to prevent that from happening again.

  14. As mentioned by Térence the ISOM2017 states:

    “All overprint symbols shall be printed over the map content (transparently). They shall never mask out other map details.”

    Does this mean that it is actually impossible to use the out-of-bounds area to forbid running on roads drawn with the black road symbols? From my understanding using the Out-of-bounds route symbol (the crosses) is the only clear way to mark a forbidden route on a road.

    I really would like to understand the rules here. Maybe someone can explain them to me?

    • I have tried to understand the ISOM2017 on this point. MY interpretation is as follows (I might be wrong): A passage though an out-of-bounds area (actually then the gap between two OOB areas) should be at least 0.4 mm (at 1:15 000) according to the ISOM2017. This is specifically mentioned for symbol 520 (olive green), but should also be vaild for the overprint version, symbol 709 (purple hashes as used here). And the distance to any other object except for contours should be 0.15 mm (still at 1:15 000). So there should have been at least 0.4 mm gap in the OOB area, and at least 0.15 mm from the OOB’s to the road on each side.

      Now, with the fortune of hind-site, one possible solution here could have been to mark the road as symbol 711 out-of-bounds route, and then used 709 out-of-bounds for the start/pre-start area. The dark green forest on each side of the road probably wasn’t very tempting for the competitors anyhow…

      On the other hand, using “only” the 711 symbol would not have been as visible on the dark green either…

  15. A part of my daily job is related to accident analysis and prevention in the scope of occupational health and safety. Doing this you can have two separate objectives, which aren’t necessarily simultaneously achievable. You can either look for someone to blame or try to learn from the incident and prevent it from happening again. I do not think the blame game is helpful here so I try to focus on what can be learned:

    It is definitely a problem for the sport if rules are ignored. (The Finnish twitter discussion actually start by stating that the decision to establish a result list based on a part of the race is not allowed in the competition rules.) To me, the reputational risk of the sport, i.e. how we’re seen by the outside world, is bigger than a fairness risk, which has to do with how we conduct internal affairs. That is why respecting out-of-bounds is so important, as it enables us to keep good relations with landowners and authorities.

    It is not clear to my why this area (including the road) was out of bounds. But, in general, it is not good course-planning to introduce artificial “out-of-bounds” for the sake creating (or forbidding) route-choices. I know it has happened even at WOC-level, but it is still bad course-planning. I dislike it in sprints but absolutely abhor it in forest races. The task of the course-setter is to avoid forbidden areas, not create them.

    Not every situation can be resolved with a mapping standard. (The comment in the Finnish tweet is actually saying only that it is very difficult to map this situation with several dark colors and overprinting legibly.) Sometimes you have to avoid the problem, especially if you know there may be a problem, altogether.

    Runners in a mass-start event (or racing first to finish) behave differently. They tend to read the map less and look at other runners more. We have seen this repeatedly this Autumn and should consider what type of races we want to promote. (I’m also troubles by the co-operation described by Fryderyk above.)

    There seems to be a lack of clarity of the “due process” here and I have witnessed it on national levels as well. I do not know what information is given to organisers of international event, sometimes the SEA has an active role in taking decisions, sometimes the jury takes decisions even before a protest. This should be clarified in the rules, the process should always be documented and in addition we would need an archive of jury decisions (prejudicates) from international events to know the interpretation of the rules.

  16. Aleksandr Alekseyonok

    Can anyone clarify with confidence whether the final decision was made by the jury or the event director.
    Why would the organizers not disqualify the participants noticed in the violation and wait, would there be protests, and then act according to the procedure?
    Or did the organizers (event director) wanted to save face?
    As a result, we got the situation “if many people break the rules, then we can come up with new rules” for the situation “.”
    Disqualification of violatings or canceling the race (if the organizers make a mistake). But do not invent new rules. This is a disruptive decision.

    • No jury decisions were taken, simply beacause there has not been complaints by any team.
      The coaches have been called (I was among them), and the situation explained by the race director.
      For some it was clear that the route was not allowed, for someone else it was not.
      I asked if that route was surveilled, and the race director said it was not. So, it was impossible to disqualify all runners, but only base the disq. on gps, for those 15 of 60 who run with gps.
      In the end all the coaches agreed to neutralize the race at the second last control, instead of having a void competition.

      • Aleksandr Alekseyonok

        Tahk you, Cristian for your tips.
        But what about list of the participants noticed in the OOB by the course setter?
        This list included 73 of 246 runners.
        Is this a sufficient basis for disqualification. Suppose there are not all participants who was in OOB, but there are many leaders and final results could be much fairer than there are now.

  17. Can we (behind the computers) tell 100% that from this scan of the competition map (http://karten.guedels.ch/show_map.php?user=T%C3%A9rence&map=2088), that OOB applies for the road? In my eyes the overprinting effect (according to ISOM 2017) leaves no visible purple on top of black? What about runners in high speed?

    A good and fair race needs a clearly understandable map and based on the published map extracts this was not the case on this race. 30% of “stupid” runners is a sign that not everything was as clear as it should be.

    • In a mass start race you can’t say that 30% of the runners didn’t understand the map, especially when the route choice was pretty much the last decision on the course. It could be that 5% actively decided to go that way, 15% weren’t sure but decided to follow because they didn’t want to lose out, and 10% were blindly following and waiting for the sprint finish.

      If I was given that map in a race I’d be in no doubt that the road was OOB. Why else is the overprint there – to stop me running through the dark green??? For the road to be a permitted route I would expect a clear gap in the purple overprint (the rules for black OOB stripes require this, and I don’t see how the same wouldn’t apply for purple). Also, if I think I can run along the road then the route choice problem becomes trivial and the run-in effectively starts 1.5km from the finish!

      From a planning perspective, a couple of points:
      1) The purple line to the last control could be broken, bent or split so that it doesn’t intersect the OOB. This would reduce confusion caused by the gap in the overprint around the line, as well as emphasising that there is no way through the OOB. Splitting the line to reflect the two shortest legitimate options (ie past the small lake / through the taped gap 200m S of the start) would remove any ambiguity.

      2) I agree with Karlsson that using “artificial” OOB to create route choices in forest O is a bad idea. It may be that route choice legs in this style are common in Swiss terrain, but in many nations it isn’t something you would expect to see. This may explain why a lot of people (both the runners and the online commenters) find it difficult to deal with.

  18. Of course the athlets have to follow the rules, independly if running alone or at the end of the group. But the course setter has also to provide the information, that it is possible to find out in an easy way, what is allowed and what not.
    South from the triangle for the start and not far from the red line line in direction finish there is a small area, where the runner can reach the forbidden street without passing the blocked area. Why not kicking out this small area from the course? It is not necessary for orientation and brings only the runners to the suggestion that the street is reachable without passing the forbidden area. Other possibility: Not kick out that small area, but crossing out the road as forbidden there. Things brings much more clarification for the runners…

  19. Something to note is that the JEC isn’t an IOF event, so it won’t necessarily have taken place under IOF competition rules (which explicitly forbid declaring the result based on an intermediate control as was done here). I’m not actually sure who the sanctioning body is for JEC, but would have thought that unless a decision has been taken to do otherwise, the default rules would be the Swiss national ones.

    Personally, my position would have been to disqualify the offending competitors if they could be identified with confidence – by the time you get to a junior national team, it’s reasonable to expect you to know the rules – and to void the race if the offending competitors could not be identified. It’s a common misconception that only a jury can void a race – under the IOF rules (26.13), in fact, the organisers are required to do so if circumstances have risen which make the race significantly unfair.